Register
Morocco Travel Forum
HomeHomeDiscussionsDiscussionsGeneralGeneralIbn Battuta Travels and JourneyIbn Battuta Travels and Journey
Previous
 
Next
New Post
7/22/2011 3:21 PM
 

 Ibn Battuta or Battuta travels and journeys 1304 - 1368: this thread will cover the great Moroccan Berber Islamic scholar and traveler known for his travels to remote places and meeeting with kings, regular people, and his journeys over thirty years and covered  North Africa, West Africa, Europe in the West, to the Middle East, Indian, Central Asia, Southeast Asia and China.


HeyMorocco
 
New Post
7/22/2011 3:29 PM
 

Ibn Battuta Travels in Morocco

 Ibn Battuta arrives in Fez

[I] arrived at the royal city of Fez on Friday, at the end of the month of Sha'ban of the year 750 [November 13, 1349].

I presented myself before our most noble master the most generous imam, the Commander of the Faithful, al-Mutawakkil Abu' Inan--may God enlarge his greatness and humble his enemies. His dignity made me forget the dignity of the sultan of Iraq, his beauty the beauty of the king of India, his fine qualities the noble character of the king of Yemen, his courage the courage of the king of the Turks, his clemency the clemency of the king of the Greeks, his devotion the devotion of the king of Turkistan, and his knowledge the knowledge of the king of Jawa [Java]. I laid down the staff of travel in his glorious land, having assured myself after unbiassed [sic] consideration that it is the best of countries, for in it fruits are plentiful, and running water and nourishing food are never exhausted. Few indeed are the lands which unite all these advantages, and well spoken are the poet's words:

"Of all the lands the West by this token's the best:

Here the full moon is spied and the sun speeds to rest."

Ibn Battuta lauds the diet of the Maghreb over that of other lands

The dirhams [silver coins] of the West are small, but their utility is great. When you compare its prices with the prices of Egypt and Syria, you will see the truth of my contention, and realize the superiority of the Maghrib. For I assure you that mutton in Egypt is sold at eighteen ounces for a dirham nuqra, which equals in value six dirhams of the Maghrib, whereas in the Maghrib meat is sold, when prices are high, at eighteen ounces for two dirhams that is a third of a nuqra. As for melted butter, it is usually not to be found in Egypt at all.

The kinds of things that the Egyptians eat along with their bread would not even be looked at in the Maghrib. They consist for the most part of lentils and chickpeas, which they cook in enormous cauldrons, and on which they put oil of sesame; "basilla," a kind of peas which they cook and eat with olive oil; gherkins, which they cook and mix with curdled milk; purslane [a salad herb], which they prepare in the same way; the buds of almond trees, which they cook and serve in curdled milk; and colocasia, which they cook. All these things are easily come by in the Maghrib, but God has enabled its inhabitants to dispense with them, by reason of the abundance of fleshmeats, melted butter, fresh butter, honey, and other products. As for green vegetables, they are the rarest of things in Egypt, and most of their fruit has to be brought from Syria. Grapes, when they are cheap, are sold amongst them at a dirham nuqra for three of their pounds, their pound being twelve ounces.

As for Syria, fruits are indeed plentiful there, but in the Maghrib they are cheaper. Grapes are sold there at the rate of one of their pounds for a dirham nuqra (their pound is three Maghribi pounds), and when their price is low, two pounds for a dirham nuqra. Pomegranates and quinces are sold at eight fals [copper pieces] apiece, which equals a dirham of our money. As for vegetables the quantity sold for a dirham nuqra is less than that sold for a small dirham in our country. Meat is sold there at the rate of one Syrian pound for two and a half dirhams nuqra. If you consider all this, it will be clear to you that the lands of the Maghrib are the cheapest in cost of living, the most abundant in good things, and blest with the greatest share of material comforts and advantages.

Ibn Battuta praises his natural lord, the sultan of Morocco

Moreover, God has augmented the honour and excellence of the Maghrib by the imamate of our master, the Commander of the Faithful, who has spread the shelter of security throughout its territories and made the sun of equity to rise within its borders, who has caused the clouds of beneficence to shed their rain upon its dwellers in country and town, who has purified it from evildoers, and established it in the ways alike of worldly prosperity and of religious observance. Ibn Battuta returns to his native Tangiers After I had been privileged to observe this noble majesty and to share in the all-embracing bounty of his beneficence, I set out to visit the tomb of my mother. I arrived at my home town of Tangier and visited her, and went on to the town of Sabta [Ceuta], where I stayed for some months. While I was there I suffered from an illness for three months, but afterwards God restored me to health.

I then proposed to take part in the jihad and the defence of the frontier, so I crossed the sea from Ceuta in a barque belonging to the people of Asila [Arzila], and reached the land of Andalusia (may God Almighty guard her!) where the reward of the dweller is abundant and a recompense is laid up for the settler and visitor.

Ibn Battuta briefly describes the city of Marrakesh 

It is one of the most beautiful of cities, spaciously built and extending over a wide area, with abundant supplies. It contains magnificent mosques, such as its principal mosque, known as the Mosque of the Kutubiyin [the Booksellers]. There is a marvellously tall minaret there; I climbed it and obtained a view of the whole town from it. The town is now largely in ruins, so that I could compare it only to Baghdad, though the bazaars in Baghdad are finer. At Marrakush [Marrakesh] too there is a splendid college, distinguished by its fine site and solid construction; it was built by our master the Commander of the Faithful, Abu'l-Hasan [the late sultan of Morocco].

After returning to Fez, in 1352 Ibn Battuta crosses the Sahara and makes a tour of the kingdom of Mali, including the city of Timbuktoo.

 

Source: Ibn Battuta, Travels in Asia and Africa 1325-1354, tr. and ed. H. A. R. Gibb (London: Broadway House, 1929)


HeyMorocco
 
New Post
7/22/2011 3:57 PM
 

Ibn Battuta Travels in Africa

 

Ibn Battuta travels overland from Algiers to Tunis

On reaching al-Jaza'ir [Algiers] we halted outside the town for a few days, until the former party rejoined us, when we went on together through the Mitija [the fertile plain behind Algiers] to the mountain of Oaks [Jurjura] and so reached Bijaya [Bougiel.

The commander of Bijaya at this time was the chamberlain Ibn Sayyid an-Nas. Now one of the Tunisian merchants of our party had died leaving three thousand dinars of gold, which he had entrusted to a certain man of Algiers to deliver to his heirs at Tunis. Ibn Sayyid an-Nas came to hear of this and forcibly seized the money. This was the first instance I witnessed of the tyranny of the agents of the Tunisian government.

At Bijaya I fell ill of a fever, and one of my friends advised me to stay there till I recovered. But I refused, saying, "If God decrees my death, it shall be on the road with my face set toward Mecca." "If that is your resolve," he replied, "sell your ass and your heavy baggage, and I shall lend you what you require. In this way you will travel light, for we must make haste on our journey, for fear of meeting roving Arabs on the way." I followed his advice and he did as he had promised--may God reward him!

On reaching Qusantinah [Constantine] we camped outside the town, but a heavy rain forced us to leave our tents during the night and take refuge in some houses there. Next day the governor of the city came to meet us. Seeing my clothes all soiled by the rain he gave orders that they should be washed at his house, and in place of my old worn headcloth sent me a headcloth of fine Syrian cloth, in one of the ends of which he had tied two gold dinars. This was the first alms I received on my journey.

From Qusantinah we reached Bona [Bone] where, after staying in the town for several days, we left the merchants of our party on account of the dangers of the road, while we pursued our journey with the utmost speed. I was again attacked by fever, so I tied myself in the saddle with a turban-cloth in case I should fall by reason of my weakness. So great was my fear that I could not dismount until we arrived at Tunis.

Ibn Battuta and his party arrive at Tunis 

The population of the city came out to meet the members of our party, and on all sides greetings and question were exchanged, but not a soul greeted me as no one there was known to me. I was so affected by my loneliness that I could not restrain my tears and wept bitterly, until one of the pilgrims realized the cause of my distress and coming up to me greeted me kindly and continued to entertain me with friendly talk until I entered the city.

The Sultan of Tunis at that time was Abu Yahya, the son of Abu' Zakariya IL, and there were a number of notable scholars in the town. During my stay the festival of the Breaking of the Fast fell due, and I joined the company at the Praying-ground. The inhabitants assembled in large numbers to celebrate the festival, making a brave show and wearing their richest apparel. The Sultan Abu Yahya arrived on horseback, accompanied by all his relatives, courtiers, and officers of state walking on foot in a stately procession. After the recital of the prayer and the conclusion of the Allocution the people returned to their homes.

Ibn Battuta leaves Tunis with the annual pilgrim caravan

Some time later the pilgrim caravan for the Hijaz was formed, and they nominated me as their qadi [judge]. We left Tunis early in November [1325], following the coast road through Susa Sfax, and Qabis, where we stayed for ten days on account of incessant rains. Thence we set out for Tripoli, accompanied for several stages by a hundred or more horsemen as well as a detachment of archers, out of respect for whom the Arabs [brigands] kept their distance.

I had made a contract of marriage at Sfax with the daughter of one of the syndics at Tunis, and at Tripoli she was conducted to me, but after leaving Tripoli I became involved in a dispute with her father, which necessitated my separation from her. I then married the daughter of a student from Fez, and when she was conducted to me I detained the caravan for a day by entertaining them all at a wedding party.

Arrival at Alexandria

At length on April 5th (1326) we reached Alexandria. It is a beautiful city, well-built and fortified with four gates and a magnificent port. Among all the ports in the world I have seen none to equal it except Kawlam [Quilon] and Calicut in India, the port of the infidels [Genoese] at Sudaq [Sudak, in the Crimea] in the land of the Turks, and the port of Zaytun [Canton?] in China, all of which will be described later.

The famous lighthouse, one of the "wonders of the ancient world"

I went to see the lighthouse on this occasion and found one of its faces in ruins. It is a very high square building, and its door is above the level of the earth. Opposite the door, and of the same height, is a building from which there is a plank bridge to the door; if this is removed there is no means of entrance. Inside the door is a place for the lighthouse-keeper, and within the lighthouse there are many chambers. The breadth of the passage inside is nine spans and that of the wall ten spans; each of the four sides of the lighthouse is 140 spans in breadth. It is situated on a high mound and lies three miles from the city on a long tongue of land which juts out into the sea from close by the city wall, so that the lighthouse cannot be reached by land except from the city. On my return to the West in the year 750 [1349] I visited the lighthouse again, and found that it had fallen into so ruinous a condition that it was not possible to enter it or climb up to the door.

Al-Malik an-Nasir had started to build a similar lighthouse alongside it but was prevented by death from completing the work. Another of the marvellous things in this city is the awe-inspiring marble column [an obelisk] on its outskirts which they call the Pillar of Columns. It is a single block, skilfully carved, erected on a plinth of square stones like enormous platforms, and no one knows how it was erected there nor for certain who erected it.

Two holy men of the city

One of the learned men of Alexandria was the qadi, a master of eloquence, who used to wear a turban of extraordinary size. Never either in the eastern or the western lands have I seen a more voluminous headgear.

Another of them was the pious ascetic Burhan ad-Din, whom I met during my stay and whose hospitality I enjoyed for three days. One day as I entered his room he said to me "I see that you are fond of travelling through foreign lands." I replied "Yes, I am " (though I had as yet no thought of going to such distant lands as India or China). Then he said "You must certainly visit my brother Farid ad-Din in India, and my brother Rukn ad-Din in Sind, and my brother Burhan ad-Din in China, and when you find them give them greeting from me." I was amazed at his prediction and the idea of going to these countries having been cast into my mind, my journeys never ceased until I had met these three that he named and conveyed his greeting to them.

A visit to a holy man in the country

During my stay at Alexandria I had heard of the pious Shaykh al-Murshidi, who bestowed gifts miraculously created at his desire. He lived in solitary retreat in a cell in the country where he was visited by princes and ministers. Parties of men in all ranks of life used to come to him every day and he would supply them all with food. Each one of them would desire to eat some flesh or fruit or sweetmeat at his cell, and to each he would give what he had suggested, though it was frequently out of season. His fame was carried from mouth to mouth far and wide, and the Sultan too had visited him several times in his retreat. I set out from Alexandria to seek this shaykh and passing through Damanhur came to Fawwa [Fua], a beautiful township, close by which, separated from it by a canal, lies the shaykh's cell. I reached this cell about mid-afternoon, and on saluting the shaykh I found that he had with him one of the sultan's aides-de-camp, who had encamped with his troops just outside. The shaykh rose and embraced me, and calling for food invited me to eat. When the hour of the afternoon prayer arrived he set me in front as prayer-leader, and did the same on every occasion when we were together at the times of prayer during my stay. When I wished to sleep he said to me "Go up to the roof of the cell and sleep there " (this was during the summer heats). I said to the officer "In the name of God," but he replied [quoting from the Koran] "There is none of us but has an appointed place." So I mounted to the roof and found there a straw mattress and a leather mat, a water vessel for ritual ablutions, a jar of water and a drinkingcup, and I lay down there to sleep.

A dream of travels to come

That night, while I was sleeping on the roof of the cell, I dreamed that I was on the wing of a great bird which was flying with me towards Mecca, then to Yemen, then eastwards and thereafter going towards the south, then flying far eastwards and finally landing in a dark and green country, where it left me. I was astonished at this dream and said to myself "If the shaykh can interpret my dream for me, he is all that they say he is." Next morning, after all the other visitors had gone, he called me and when I had related my dream interpreted it to me saying: "You will make the pilgrimage [to Mecca] and visit [the Tomb of] the Prophet, and you will travel through Yemen, Iraq, the country of the Turks, and India. You will stay there for a long time and meet there my brother Dilshad the Indian, who will rescue you from a danger into which you will fall." Then he gave me a travelling-provision of small cakes and money, and I bade him farewell and departed. Never since parting from him have I met on my journeys aught but good fortune, and his blessings have stood me in good stead.

Ibn Battuta leaves for Cairo via Damietta

We rode from here to Damietta through a number of towns, in each of which we visited the principal men of religion. Damietta lies on the bank of the Nile, and the people in the houses next to the river draw water from it in buckets. Many of the houses have steps leading down to the river. Their sheep and goats are allowed to pasture at liberty day and night; for this reason the saying goes of Damietta "Its walls are sweetmeats and its dogs are sheep." Anyone who enters the city may not afterwards leave it except by the governor's seal. Persons of repute have a seal stamped on a piece of paper so that they may show it to the gatekeepers; other persons have the seal stamped on their forearms. In this city there are many seabirds with extremely greasy flesh, and the milk of its buffaloes is unequalled for sweetness and pleasant taste. The fish called buri is exported thence to Syria, Anatolia, and Cairo. The present town is of recent construction; the old city was that destroyed by the Franks in the time of al Malik as as-Salih.

From Damietta I travelled to Fariskur, which is a town on the bank of the Nile, and halted outside it. Here I was overtaken by a horseman who had been sent after me by the governor of Damietta. He handed me a number of coins saying to me "The Governor asked for you, and on being informed about you, he sent you this gift"--may God reward him! Thence I travelled to Ashmun, a large and ancient town on a canal derived from the Nile. It possesses a wooden bridge at which all vessels anchor, and in the afternoon the baulks are lifted and the vessels pass up and down. From here I went to Samannud, whence I journeyed upstream to Cairo, between a continuous succession of towns and villages. The traveller on the Nile need take no provision with him because whenever he desires to descend on the bank he may do so, for ablutions, prayers, provisioning, or any other purpose. There is an uninterrupted chain of bazaars from Alexandria to Cairo, and from Cairo to Assuan [Aswan] in Upper Egypt.

Arrival in Cairo

I arrived at length at Cairo, mother of cities and seat of Pharaoh the tyrant, mistress of broad regions and fruitful lands, boundless in multitude of buildings, peerless in beauty and splendour, the meeting-place of comer and goer, the halting-place of feeble and mighty, whose throngs surge as the waves of the sea, and can scarce be contained in her for all her size and capacity. It is said that in Cairo there are twelve thousand water-carriers who transport water on camels, and thirty thousand hirers of mules and donkeys, and that on the Nile there are thirty-six thousand boats belonging to the Sultan and his subjects which sail upstream to Upper Egypt and downstream to Alexandria and Damietta, laden with goods and profitable merchandise of all kinds.

A pleasure garden

On the bank of the Nile opposite Old Cairo is the place known as The Garden, which is a pleasure park and promenade, containing many beautiful gardens, for the people of Cairo are given to pleasure and amusements. I witnessed a fete once in Cairo for the sultan's recovery from a fractured hand; all the merchants decorated their bazaars and had rich stuffs, ornaments and silken fabrics hanging in their shops for several days.

Religious institutions

The mosque of 'Amr is highly venerated and widely celebrated. The Friday service is held in it and the road runs through it from east to west. The madrasas [college mosques] of Cairo cannot be counted for multitude. As for the Maristan [hospital], which lies "between the two castles" near the mausoleum of Sultan Qala'un, no description is adequate to its beauties. It contains an innumerable quantity of appliances and medicaments, and its daily revenue is put as high as a thousand dinars.

There are a large number of religious establishments ["convents "] which they call khanqahs, and the nobles vie with one another in building them. Each of these is set apart for a separate school of darwishes, mostly Persians, who are men of good education and adepts in the mystical doctrines. Each has a superior and a doorkeeper and their affairs are admirably organized. They have many special customs one of which has to do with their food. The steward of the house comes in the morning to the darwishes, each of whom indicates what food he desires, and when they assemble for meals, each person is given his bread and soup in a separate dish, none sharing with another. They eat twice a day. They are each given winter clothes and summer clothes, and a monthly allowance of from twenty to thirty dirhams. Every Thursday night they receive sugar cakes, soap to wash their clothes, the price of a bath, and oil for their lamps. These men are celibate; the married men have separate convents.

At Cairo too is the great cemetery of al-Qarafa, which is a place of peculiar sanctity and contains the graves of innumerable scholars and pious believers. In the Qarafa the people build beautiful pavilions surrounded by walls, so that they look like houses. They also build chambers and hire Koran-readers who recite night and day in agreeable voices. Some of them build religious houses and madrasas beside the mausoleums and on Thursday nights they go out to spend the night there with their children and women-folk, and make a circuit of the famous tombs. They go out to spend the night there also on the "Night of midSha'ban," and the market-people take out all kinds of eatables. Among the many celebrated sanctuaries [in the city] is the holy shrine where there reposes the head of alHusayn. Beside it is a vast monastery of striking construction, on the doors of which there are silver rings and plates of the same metal.

The great river Nile

The Egyptian Nile surpasses all rivers of the earth in sweetness of taste, length of course, and utility. No other river in the world can show such a continuous series of towns and villages along its banks, or a basin so intensely cultivated. Its course is from South to North, contrary to all the other great rivers. One extraordinary thing about it is that it begins to rise in the extreme hot weather at the time when rivers generally diminish and dry up, and begins to subside just when rivers begin to increase and overflow. The river Indus resembles it in this feature. The Nile is one of the five great rivers of the world, which are the Nile, Euphrates, Tigris, Syr Darya and Amu Darya; five other rivers resemble these, the Indus, which is called Panj Ab [i.e. Five Rivers], the river of India which is called Gang [Ganges]--it is to it that the Hindus go on pilgrimage, and when they burn their dead they throw the ashes into it, and they say that it comes from Paradise--the river Jun [Jumna or perhaps Brahmaputra] in India, the river Itil [Volga] in the Qipchaq steppes, on the banks of which is the city of Sara, and the river Saru [Hoang-Ho] in the land of Cathay. All these will be mentioned in their proper places, if God will. Some distance below Cairo the Nile divides into three streams, none of which can be crossed except by boat, winter or summer. The inhabitants of every township have canals led off the Nile; these are filled when the river is in flood and carry the water over the fields.

Upriver

From Cairo I travelled into Upper Egypt, with the intention of crossing to the Hijaz. On the first night I stayed at the monastery of Dayr at-Tin, which was built to house certain illustrious relics--a fragment of the Prophet's wooden basin and the pencil with which he used to apply kohl, the awl he used for sewing his sandals, and the Koran belonging to the Caliph Ali written in his own hand. These were bought, it is said, for a hundred thousand dirhams by the builder of the monastery, who also established funds to supply food to all comers and to maintain the guardians of the sacred relics.

Thence my way lay through a number of towns and villages to Munyat Ibn Khasib [Minia], a large town which is built on the bank of the Nile, and most emphatically excels all the other towns of Upper Egypt. I went on through Manfalut, Asyut, Ikhmim, where there is a berba with sculptures and inscriptions which no one can now read-another of these berbas there was pulled down and its stones used to build a madrasa--Qina, Qus, where the governor of Upper Egypt resides, Luxor, a pretty little town containing the tomb of the pious ascetic Abu'l-Hajjaj, Esna, and thence a day and a night's journey through desert country to Edfu.

 

 Source: Ibn Battuta, Travels in Asia and Africa 1325-1354, tr. and ed. H. A. R. Gibb (London: Broadway House, 1929)


HeyMorocco
 
New Post
8/22/2017 11:49 PM
 

klassieke true religion jeans outlet Tinker Hatfield bcbg max in nfl eagles jerseys 1991 kate spade handbags werd talloze ralph lauren polo malen beats by dre headphones herzien, jordan retro 11 omdat longchamp hij orlando magic jerseys een flat iron consequence omega hebben pandora bracelet op prada outlet de new york knicks jersey vorige air max zomer nfl vikings jerseys trainer mizuno spel reebok realized sacramento kings jerseys een ray-ban sunglasses overvloed nfl redskins jerseys aan nike jordan OG beats by dr dre versies hilfiger outlet verlaten, maar waar new balance store sta nike roshe run je supra shoes op long champ de cheap ray ban nieuwste mcm handbags Nike ralph lauren Huarache thomas sabo relieves? tommy hilfiger online Ontdek ralph lauren meer new balance dan rockets jerseys 1. nike air max 991 louboutin shoes klassieke under. swarovski jewelry Tinker ed hardy in nike soccer shoes de burberry handbags Nike hollister co Surroundings polo ralph lauren outlet Huarache oakley sunglasses kan michael kors outlet een huarache beetje lebron james shoes 'hevige pandora jewellery australia concurrentie nike roche hebben wholesale handbags dit true religion outlet najaar michaelkors.com seizoen, cheap coach purses zoals oakley sunglasses outlet de giuseppe zanotti Nike coach outlet online Surroundings timberland shoes Huarache nfl bills jerseys Electric coach outlet kaliber misshapen u nfl azcardinals jerseys zeker om omega watches hoofden converse te draaien nike id realized supra shoes outlet een portland trail blazers jerseys moderne nfl packers jerseys perspective op nfl broncos jerseys de memphis grizzlies jerseys alomtegenwoordige michael kors esthetiekklassieke ray ban prezzi Tinker Hatfield nba jersey in nike free 1991 burberry outlet werd nike shoes talloze malen herzien, bcbg max azria omdat north face backpacks hij mlb jerseys een nuggets jersey consequence asics hebben plein shoes op de vorige north face zomer trainer giuseppe zanotti sneakers spel coach outlet store realized replica watches een air max overvloed skechers shoes outlet aan tommy hilfiger outlet OG versies burberry handbags verlaten, oakley standard issue maar waar coach bags friday sta shoes outlet je converse sneakers op burberry de jimmy choo nieuwste Nike Huarache philipp plein clothes relieves? Ontdek nfl colts jerseys meer dan 1. armani watches 991 michael kors klassieke tommy hilfiger online shop under. nfl patriots jerseys Tinker ecco mens shoes in woolrich clearance de coach factory online Nike pandora Surroundings ray ban uk Huarache baseball jerseys kan the north face outlet een polo ralph lauren outlet online beetje coach factory outlet online 'hevige golden state warriors concurrentie uhren shop hebben coach factory outlet dit mbt shoes najaar seizoen, nfl giants jerseys zoals cle Jerseys de Nike north face outlet Surroundings rayban Huarache skechers canada Electric nfl rams jerseys kaliber cheap oakley sunglasses misshapen polo outlet online u swarovski canada zeker nhl jerseys om ray ban hoofden coach outlet te adidas online shop draaien doudoune north face realized michael kors outlet een moderne nike roshe run perspective hollister clothing op nfl texans jerseys de prada sunglasses alomtegenwoordige adidas zx esthetiekklassieke vans shoes Tinker hogan sito ufficiale Hatfield hermes belt in nfl cowboys jerseys 1991 werd nfl dolphins jerseys talloze michael kors outlet online malen herzien, omdat nike free hij burberry outlet online een burberry outlet consequence ralph lauren uk hebben prada shoes op de ray bans vorige tommy hilfiger canada zomer new balance shoes trainer nfl bengals jerseys spel juicy couture handbags realized adidas.nl een omega watches overvloed celtics jerseys aan wholesale handbags OG longchamp outlet versies verlaten, red bottom shoes maar oakley store waar longchamp sta je pumas op free running de nieuwste Nike mcm backpack outlet Huarache north face jackets relieves? fitflop shoes Ontdek meer milwaukee bucks jerseys dan nfl panthers jerseys 1. rolex watch 991 nfl saints jerseys klassieke birkenstock taschen deutschland under. nike outlet Tinker chi flat iron in de true religion jeans women Nike coach black friday Surroundings nfl seahawks jerseys Huarache horloges kan cheap oakley een dre headphones beetje 'hevige ferragamo concurrentie puma online shop hebben nike shoes dit swarovski crystal najaar brooklyn nets seizoen, mlb jerseys zoals thunder jerseys de coach factory outlet Nike vibram five fingers Surroundings nfl ravens jerseys Huarache hogan Electric tn requin pas cher kaliber omega watches misshapen vans u nike air max zeker om converse hoofden nike air max 90 te barbour mens jackets draaien realized een air yeezy moderne prada handbags perspective mcm backpack op de air max 2007 alomtegenwoordige esthetiekklassieke Tinker fred perry Hatfield in 1991 werd burberry talloze northface malen lakers jersey herzien, nfl bears jerseys omdat hij nfl jerseys een consequence hebben tory burch op de purses and handbags vorige asics gel zomer trainer skechers mens shoes spel polo ralph lauren outlet realized een polo ralph lauren overvloed clippers jerseys aan hermes birkin OG versace versies true religion verlaten, maar waar sta air jordan je nike mercurial op michael kors outlet online de nieuwste veneta Nike michael kors purses Huarache kate spade bags relieves? salomon Ontdek oakley holbrook meer timberland outlet dan polo ralph 1. huaraches 991 nike roshe run klassieke marc jacobs handbags under. Tinker in pandora jewelry de new balance Nike Surroundings ferragamo shoes outlet Huarache givenchy kan pandora charms een huarache beetje 'hevige coach bags outlet concurrentie hebben cheap jordans dit bulls jersey najaar christian louboutin seizoen, zoals de washington wizards jerseys Nike instyler Surroundings ray ban pas cher Huarache Electric ralph lauren outlet online kaliber swarovski crystal misshapen nhl jerseys u ray ban sunglasses outlet zeker om hoofden nfl buccaneers jerseys te dsquared2 sale draaien adidas shoes realized nfl chargers jerseys een jerseys from china moderne swarovski perspective ralph lauren op bottega de ralph lauren factory store alomtegenwoordige air max esthetiekklassieke indiana pacers jerseys Tinker nike air Hatfield timberland pas cher in jordans 1991 coach outlet usa werd 76ers jerseys talloze roshe malen michael kors bags herzien, jimmy choo outlet omdat hij calvin klein outlet een hermes tracksuits consequence ralph lauren outlet online hebben op de iphone 5s cases vorige longchamp zomer salvatore ferragamo trainer phoenix suns jerseys spel coach shop factory realized longchamp black friday een oakley sunglasses cheap overvloed oakley outlet online aan new balance OG versies tory burch sale verlaten, nba jersey maar waar oakley sta tommy hilfiger outlet stores je swarovski online shop op burberry sale de air jordan shoes nieuwste montre femme Nike coach factory Huarache nike relieves? nike uk Ontdek hugo boss meer ferragamo dan nike store 1. rolex replica 991 nike klassieke under armour outlet under. atl jerseys Tinker nfl lions jerseys in celine outlet de michael kors Nike north face canada Surroundings timberland boots Huarache toronto raptors jerseys kan soccer shoes outlet een beetje michael kors bags 'hevige ralph lauren outlet concurrentie hebben nike free trainer 5.0 dit marc jacobs handbags najaar seizoen, michael kors zoals air max shoes de true religion jeans outlet Nike burberry handbags Surroundings Huarache dsquared2 shoes Electric nfl raiders jerseys kaliber tommy hilfiger misshapen polo ralph u zeker om burberry outlet online hoofden boutique clothing te levis outlet draaien oakley pas cher realized een nba jersey moderne air max thea perspective op valentino shoes de alomtegenwoordige louboutin shoes esthetiekklassieke michael kors handbags Tinker Hatfield the north face in nfl browns jerseys 1991 cheap barbour jackets werd ray ban sunglasses talloze eyeglasses frames malen adidas herzien, burberry outlet online omdat hij hogan shoes een consequence nfl jets jerseys hebben michael kors op de iphone 4s cases vorige zomer michael kors handbags trainer spel pandora charms realized een overvloed oakley sunglasses cheap aan hollister OG nike factory outlet versies nfl falcons jerseys verlaten, burberry outlet online maar soccer jerseys waar jordan retro sta cheap oakley sunglasses je barbour jackets outlet op ralph lauren uk de hollister co nieuwste ray-ban sunglasses Nike nike shoes Huarache relieves? ray ban outlet Ontdek meer fidget spinner dan 1. oakley outlet 991 ray ban pas cher klassieke under. air max Tinker in nfl titans jerseys de michael kors outlet online sale Nike north face Surroundings nfl 49ers jerseys Huarache adidas kan nfl steelers jerseys een montblanc beetje oakley black friday 'hevige concurrentie michael kors outlet hebben longchamp handbags dit birkenstock najaar designer handbags seizoen, zoals dansko shoes outlet de air jordan retro Nike mens hoodies Surroundings air max 90 Huarache Electric miami heat jersey kaliber misshapen hollister online shop u zeker om basketball shoes hoofden polo ralph lauren te mavericks jerseys draaien ray ban wayfarer realized michael kors bags een vans moderne louboutin shoes perspective op beats headphones de alomtegenwoordige esthetiekklassieke oakley sunglasses Tinker michael kors purses Hatfield nfl jerseys in 1991 nike running shoes werd new orleans pelicans jerseys talloze malen oakley herzien, oakley omdat christian louboutin hij michael kors handbags een minnesota timberwolves jerseys consequence hebben op louboutin shoes de nfl jaguars jerseys vorige mcm bags zomer oakley trainer mcm bags spel detroit pistons jersey realized chrome hearts clothings een nike roshe run overvloed easton bats aan michael kors OG nike air max versies adidas clothings verlaten, lacoste outlet maar ray ban outlet waar converse outlet sta thomas sabo je rolex watches op nike outlet de hollister clothing store nieuwste kate spade handbags Nike Huarache relieves? michael kors uhren Ontdek ray ban meer air max pas cher dan 1. michael kors outlet online 991 michael kors outlet online sale klassieke michael kors outlet online sale under. birkenstock deutschland Tinker ralph lauren outlet in louboutin de juicy couture clothings Nike hornets jersey Surroundings Huarache kan hermes birkin bag een beetje rolex watches 'hevige hollister kids concurrentie ray ban hebben ray ban black friday dit barbour najaar nike seizoen, oakley vault zoals long champ de Nike air max 95 Surroundings easton bats Huarache prada Electric cheap eyeglasses kaliber air force misshapen fred perry polos u ferragamo shoes zeker barbour outlet store om hoofden cheap true religion te spurs jerseys draaien realized een nike factory moderne adidas online shop perspective fendi shoes op cheap ray ban de nfl chiefs jerseys alomtegenwoordige utah jazz jerseys esthetiek

babyliss flat iron
 
New Post
10/21/2017 10:09 PM
 
2017-10-22 xiaozheng6666

valentino outlet store

coach outlet

canada goose outlet

polo ralph lauren shirts

canada goose uk

ray ban sunglasses

ugg outlet

cheap ray ban sunglasses

oakley sunglasses wholesale

ralph lauren uk

cheap jordans

coach outlet store online

canada goose jackets

fitflop sandals

uggs outlet

canada goose jackets

true religion outlet

uggs outlet

ray ban pas cher

fred perry polo shirts

michael kors outlet

michael kors outlet store

canada goose outlet store

nike outlet

tory burch outlet

michael kors outlet

canada goose uk

michael kors outlet

coach factory outlet

ray ban sunglasses

canada goose jackets

polo outlet

michael kors handbags

ugg outlet online

christian louboutin shoes

canada goose jackets

coach outlet

fred perry shirts

canada goose outlet store

ralph lauren uk

nike outlet online

ugg outlet

canada goose jackets

ugg outlet

adidas nmd r1

ray ban sunglasses

pandora charms sale clearance

canada goose outlet online

pandora charms

michael kors outlet clearance

ugg boots

mont blanc pens for sale

tory burch shoes

michael kors outlet

jordan retro

mcm backpack

michael kors handbags

michael kors

cheap ugg boots

polo outlet

michael kors outlet stores

canada goose outlet

longchamp bags

michael kors outlet

nike outlet store

lacoste clothing

polo outlet

ralph lauren uk

ralph lauren

michael kors outlet

cheap ray ban sunglasses

canada goose outlet

canada goose outlet

coach outlet online

nike outlet store

hermes birkin

pandora rings

nike outlet

cheap mlb jerseys

canada goose sale

ugg boots

canada goose outlet store

prada outlet online

fitflop sale

coach outlet online

polo ralph lauren

michael kors outlet online

mulberry outlet

canada goose outlet store

coach outlet

polo ralph lauren

polo ralph lauren

adidas nmd

uggs outlet

coach outlet online

cheap jerseys

adidas outlet online

longchamp outlet online

michael kors outlet online

cheap ray ban sunglasses

valentino outlet store

michael kors handbags

mont blanc outlet

valentino outlet

coach factory outlet

polo outlet

coach outlet

adidas yeezy shoes

polo ralph lauren outlet

coach outlet online

polo outlet

polo ralph lauren

kate spade handbags

michael kors outlet clearance

ray ban sunglasses for men

michael kors outlet online store

canada goose outlet

canada goose jackets

cheap jordans for sale

ugg boots

cheap uggs

tory burch handbags

canada goose outlet store

longchamp outlet

canada goose jackets

pandora jewelry

michael kors outlet online

michael kors outlet

coach outlet store

canada goose jackets

cheap mlb jerseys

cheap ray bans sunglasses

cheap uggs

oakley sunglasses

mont blanc

michael kors outlet online

michael kors outlet clearance

canada goose jackets

coach outlet online

oakley sunglasses wholesale

ugg outlet

canada goose outlet

yeezy boost 350

canada goose outlet

oakley sunglasses

cheap oakley sunglasses

uggs outlet

coach outlet online

michael kors outlet online

michael kors outlet

kate spade outlet

ralph lauren outlet

michael kors outlet clearance

kate spade outlet

polo ralph lauren

kate spade outlet store

nike outlet

mont blanc pens

cheap jordans

true religion jeans

coach outlet

polo ralph lauren outlet

ultra boosts

ugg boots

cheap oakley sunglasses

moncler jackets

oakley sunglasses wholesale

canada goose

canada goose parka sale

nike outlet

canada goose outlet

canada goose outlet

coach outlet store online

cheap ugg boots

ugg outlet

cheap nhl jerseys

ralph lauren uk

canada goose outlet stores

polo ralph lauren

ugg outlet

uggs outlet

ugg boots outlet

pandora outlet

ralph lauren uk

coach outlet online

ralph lauren outlet

ray ban sunglasses outlet

moncler outlet

adidas yeezy

michael kors outlet online

mont blanc pens

pandora jewelry

cheap oakley sunglasses

mlb jerseys wholesale

pandora jewelry

ugg outlet

nike shoes

true religion jeans sale

michael kors outlet clearance

air max 2017

canada goose jackets sale

michael kors outlet clearance

ugg boots

uggs outlet

pandora jewelry

yeezy boost

ralph lauren shirts

kate spade handbags

canada goose outlet store

michael kors outlet

polo ralph lauren outlet

kate spade outlet store

ugg outlet store

cheap oakley sunglasses

michael kors handbags

ugg canada

canada goose

ugg outlet

canada goose jackets

pandora bracelet

ugg outlet online

mlb jerseys

canada goose outlet

polo ralph lauren

canada goose jackets

pandora charms

ugg outlet online

canada goose outlet

coach outlet

michael kors handbags

coach outlet online

polo ralph lauren outlet online

coach canada

kate spade sale

canada goose outlet store

ugg boots

snapbacks wholesale

fitflops clearance

nike shoes on sale

mbt shoes clearance outlet

nike shoes outlet

polo shirts

nike shoes

uggs outlet

coach outlet

fitflops sale clearance

mulberry handbags

coach factory outlet

coach outlet store online

true religion jeans

canada goose outlet store

pandora jewelry

ugg outlet

nike outlet online

polo ralph lauren

cheap ugg boots

ray ban sunglasses

asics shoes

fitflops sale clearance

canada goose jackets sale

ralph lauren polo

cheap nba jersey

polo ralph lauren

tory burch sandals

oakley sunglasses

fred perry clothing

adidas yeezy shoes

canada goose jackets

michael kors outlet clearance

mont blanc

tory burch outlet

canada goose outlet store

ugg outlet

canada goose outlet

canada goose outlet store

ugg boots

coach outlet online

coach factory outlet

michael kors outlet

michael kors outlet

oakley sunglasses wholesale

canada goose outlet online

valentino shoes

ralph lauren

cheap uggs

valentino outlet

canada goose outlet

cheap ugg boots

kate spade outlet

coach outlet online

moncler jackets

coach outlet online coach factory outlet

michael kors outlet clearance

michael kors outlet online

ralph lauren

longchamp outlet store

mbt outlet

coach factory outlet

canada goose outlet store

ugg outlet

michael kors outlet

cheap jordan shoes

polo ralph lauren factory store

cheap uggs

ray ban

michael kors outlet

michael kors outlet

yeezy boost 350

hermes outlet

true religion outlet store

coach outlet

coach outlet

coach outlet

adidas yeezy shoes

ferragamo outlet

coach factory outlet

canada goose outlet

ralph lauren

polo outlet

fred perry polo shirts

canada goose outlet

michael kors handbags

coach outlet online

coach outlet

polo ralph lauren

ugg outlet online

christian louboutin

prada outlet

michael kors handbags sale

coach factory outlet

cheap jerseys wholesale

ralph lauren

michael kors outlet clearance

canada goose outlet

coach factory outlet

mont blanc outlet

uggs outlet

polo outlet stores

michael kors outlet

air max 90

hermes outlet

fitflops sale

adidas shoes for men

cheap oakley sunglasses

canada goose outlet

nike trainers

coach outlet

polo ralph lauren outlet

moncler coats

kate spade outlet online store

cheap oakley sunglasses

coach outlet store online

pandora bracelet

uggs outlet

polo outlet

polo ralph lauren outlet

pandora charms

ralph lauren

ralph lauren sale

polo ralph lauren outlet

michael kors outlet

fitflops sandals

canada goose outlet

adidas outlet store

michael kors outlet online

oakley sunglasses wholesale

air jordan 4 retro

cheap nfl jerseys

uggs outlet

christian louboutin shoes

ralph lauren polo shirts

adidas outlet

oakley sunglasses

mulberry uk

ugg boots

ralph lauren uk

fred perry polo shirts

polo ralph lauren

ugg boots

polo ralph lauren outlet online

polo ralph lauren sale

canada goose uk

canada goose outlet store

christian louboutin uk

canada goose jackets

uggs outlet

clarks shoes

canada goose outlet

canada goose

asics running shoes

adidas yeezy shoes

polo ralph lauren

canada goose outlet

canada goose outlet online

canada goose jackets

ralph lauren uk

nike outlet

canada goose outlet

michael kors outlet online

nfl jerseys

mulberry handbags

adidas ultra boost

ugg outlet

mlb jerseys wholesale

fitflops sale

christian louboutin

ugg boots outlet

pandora jewelry sale

ferragamo outlet store

pandora outlet

coach outlet store online

canada goose outlet store

polo outlet

nike outlet

uggs outlet

polo shirts

canada goose outlet

mbt shoes

christian louboutin

kate spade outlet online

coach factory outlet

michael kors outlet

pandora charms

michael kors outlet clearance

canada goose outlet store

oakley sunglasses wholesale

fred perry polo

cheap oakley sunglasses

ugg outlet

polo ralph lauren outlet

mbt shoes

pandora jewelry outlet

oakley sunglasses for men

ralph lauren pas cher

canada goose outlet

air jordan shoes

ugg outlet

polo shirts men

pandora jewelry

puma outlet

polo outlet

cheap ugg boots

fred perry polo

fitflop sandals

canada goose outlet

polo outlet

michael kors outlet online

michael kors outlet online

adidas shoes

michael kors outlet

ugg outlet

lacoste shirts

adidas outlet

coach outlet

uggs outlet

cheap oakley sunglasses

cheap jordan shoes

michael kors outlet clearance

true religion

giuseppe zanotti sneakers

polo ralph lauren

adidas shoes for women

canada goose outlet store

christian louboutin sale

mulberry bags

ugg boots

lebron james shoes

canada goose uk

canada goose outlet online

canada goose jackets

michael kors outlet

ugg boots

ugg boots

michael kors outlet online

michael kors outlet online

moncler outlet

ralph lauren outlet

pandora charms

canada goose outlet

ralph lauren outlet

pandora rings

mont blanc pens

cheap ugg boots

ray ban sunglasses on sale

canada goose outlet online

christian louboutin shoes

nike outlet store

polo ralph lauren outlet

ray ban sunglasses

michael kors outlet store

moncler coats

nike factory store

cheap nfl jerseys

polo ralph lauren outlet online

canada goose outlet

ugg boots

adidas outlet store

ray ban sunglasses

polo ralph lauren pas cher

valentino shoes

canada goose outlet

michael kors outlet

ugg outlet

michael kors handbags clearance

oakley sunglasses

nike shoes

polo ralph lauren outlet online

kate spade handbags

ugg boots

ralph lauren shirts

lacoste polo

ferragamo shoes

oakley sunglasses wholesale

coach outlet online

ralph lauren shirts

fred perry

christian louboutin outlet

ray ban sunglasses outlet

polo outlet

michael kors outlet online

canada goose outlet

michael kors outlet

mlb jerseys

michael kors outlet online

pandora jewelry

ugg outlet

tory burch outlet stores

fred perry polo

kate spade purses

prada outlet store

cheap jordans

mbt shoes

longchamp outlet

ugg boots clearance

air jordan shoes

coach outlet

canada goose outlet online

canada goose outlet

ray ban sunglasses wholesale

michael kors outlet clearance

canada goose jackets canada

ed hardy outlet

fitflops shoes

canada goose outlet

michael kors outlet

cheap mlb jerseys

canada goose jackets

pandora outlet

kate spade outlet

ugg outlet

michael kors outlet clearance

kate spade sale

nike factory outlet

kate spade handbags

ugg outlet

michael kors outlet

coach outlet store online

adidas yeezy boost

mont blanc outlet

ugg outlet

pandora outlet store

fred perry shirts

canada goose

michael kors outlet store

ralph lauren polo

coach outlet online

pandora outlet online

fred perry outlet

prada outlet store

canada goose jackets

vintage nhl jerseys

pandora bracelet

mbt outlet

oakley sunglasses outlet

ugg outlet

michael kors outlet

polo ralph lauren

ugg outlet

cheap nike shoes

canada goose uk

mulberry uk

ugg outlet

oakley sunglasses

christian louboutin shoes

coach outlet store online

nike outlet store

pandora outlet

pandora rings

ralph lauren outlet

canada goose outlet

fitflops sale clearance

cheap authentic nba jerseys

longchamp outlet

uggs outlet online

cheap uggs

moncler outlet

canada goose jackets

michael kors outlet

cheap ugg boots

coach factory outlet online

pandora jewelry

coach outlet online

canada goose

canada goose jackets

nike outlet

michael kors outlet store

coach outlet online

canada goose outlet

mont blanc pens

christian louboutin outlet

canada goose outlet

ralph lauren uk

michael kors official site

cheap oakley sunglasses

yeezy shoes

ugg outlet

cheap jordans

giuseppe zanotti shoes

canada goose outlet online

michael kors outlet

michael kors outlet online

ralph lauren outlet

ralph lauren polo

michael kors outlet clearance

christian louboutin outlet

lunette ray ban

coach factory outlet

coach outlet online

polo ralph lauren

michael kors outlet online

oakley sunglasses wholesale

longchamp handbags

adidas yeezy

christian louboutin shoes

adidas nmd

ralph lauren outlet

true religion outlet

true religion outlet

hermes belts outlet

coach factory outlet

canada goose outlet

ugg outlet online

polo ralph lauren

michael kors handbags

michael kors outlet online

cheap ugg boots

adidas yeezy boost

nike shoes outlet

coach factory outlet

coach factory outlet

cheap ugg boots

canada goose jackets canada

michael kors outlet online

nike shoes

cheap uggs

michael kors outlet online

coach factory outlet

fitflops sale clearance

puma shoes

coach outlet

cheap ugg boots

michael kors outlet online

christian louboutin sale

coach factory outlet

longchamp handbags

michael kors outlet

cheap uggs

coach outlet

canada goose outlet

fitflops outlet

cheap uggs

canada goose outlet

canada goose outlet

oakley sunglasses

coach factory outlet online

ugg boots australia

canada goose outlet online

canada goose jackets

ed hardy clothing

oakley sunglasses wholesale

pandora charms

ugg outlet

coach outlet online

nba jersey

polo ralph lauren

lacoste shoes

canada goose jackets

ugg outlet

coach factory outlet

cheap jordans

uggs outlet

cheap uggs

oakley sunglasses

coach outlet

polo ralph lauren

polo outlet

prada outlet stores

mulberry outlet

ugg outlet

canada goose jackets

cheap ray ban sunglasses

coach outlet

true religion outlet

true religion outlet store

jordan retro shoes

coach outlet online

moncler sale

kate spade bags

michael kors outlet

cheap jordans for sale

tory burch outlet online

ugg outlet store

canada goose jackets

michael kors outlet store

ralph lauren outlet

adidas superstar shoes

yeezy boost 350 v2

cheap snapbacks

canada goose outlet store

adidas superstar

ralph lauren

coach outlet

michael kors outlet clearance

ralph lauren outlet

canada goose sale

mulberry bags

moncler jackets

canada goose outlet store

true religion outlet online

polo shirts

mcm outlet

canada goose outlet store

coach outlet store online

ugg boots

ugg boots

coach outlet online

adidas outlet online

ralph lauren outlet

michael kors outlet online

canada goose outlet

moncler jackets

michael kors outlet

cheap nfl jerseys

kate spade bags

polo ralph lauren

christian louboutin sale

michael kors outlet online

canada goose outlet store

lacoste outlet

polo ralph lauren

coach outlet

coach outlet online

cheap ugg boots

pandora outlet

true religion jeans

tory burch handbags

canada goose outlet store

tory burch outlet

coach outlet online store

coach outlet online

michael kors outlet

coach outlet

yeezy boost

pandora jewelry

oakley sunglasses

pandora outlet

coach outlet clearance

ray ban sunglasses

ralph lauren uk

canada goose outlet

ed hardy

pandora bracelet

canada goose outlet

ugg outlet store

nike shoes

giuseppe zanotti outlet

coach outlet

coach factory outlet

adidas nmd

uggs outlet online

air jordan 4

coach factory outlet

polo ralph lauren outlet

canada goose

polo outlet

mcm bag

ugg boots

canada goose outlet

polo ralph lauren

ralph lauren sale clearance

christian louboutin outlet

uggs outlet

asics outlet

christian louboutin outlet

cheap ray ban sunglasses

coach factory outlet

michael kors outlet online

ugg outlet

air jordan retro

coach outlet store online

michael kors outlet

canada goose outlet

canada goose outlet store

michael kors outlet

ugg outlet

michael kors outlet

coach outlet

michael kors outlet clearance

nike shoes

nike air jordan 4

pandora jewelry

michael kors outlet clearance

michael kors outlet

canada goose outlet store

uggs on sale

oakley sunglasses wholesale

mont blanc outlet

ugg boots

ray ban sunglasses

lebron shoes

yeezy boost 350

canada goose jackets

jordan shoes

ugg boots outlet

michael kors outlet

ferragamo shoes sale

canada goose outlet online

ralph lauren

cheap uggs

michael kors outlet clearance

moncler outlet

ugg outlet

polo outlet

polo outlet

ralph lauren polo

oakley sunglasses

pandora charms

mbt shoes outlet

canada goose parka

nhl jerseys

michael kors outlet

mlb jerseys

ralph lauren outlet

longchamp

nike outlet store

ralph lauren

michael kors outlet

moncler outlet online

canada goose outlet

air jordan shoes

michael kors outlet clearance

michael kors outlet

air max 90

kate spade handbags

coach outlet canada

michael kors outlet online

prada outlet

ugg outlet

christian louboutin shoes

ray bans sunglasses outlet

canada goose jackets

pandora outlet

cheap ray bans

fred perry clothing

nike shoes for men

 
Previous
 
Next
HomeHomeDiscussionsDiscussionsGeneralGeneralIbn Battuta Travels and JourneyIbn Battuta Travels and Journey


Sponsored Links
Morocco Travel Books
Ads